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Arkitekturang Filipino by Gerard Lico PDF: A Review

Arkitekturang Filipino: A History of Architecture and Urbanism in the Philippines is a book by Gerard Lico, a professor of architecture and cultural studies at the University of the Philippines. The book, published in 2008, is a comprehensive and scholarly account of the development and evolution of Philippine architecture and urbanism from pre-colonial times to the present. It covers various aspects of the built environment, such as cultural, social, political, economic, and environmental factors, as well as the influences of foreign and indigenous cultures. The book also features copious photographs and archival materials that illustrate the rich and diverse architectural heritage of the Philippines.

The book is divided into six parts, each covering a specific period or theme in Philippine architectural history. The first part, titled "The Indigenous Tradition", explores the vernacular architecture of the various ethnic groups in the Philippines, such as the Ifugao, Maranao, Tausug, and Ivatan. It also examines the influence of Southeast Asian and Chinese cultures on Philippine architecture. The second part, titled "The Colonial Encounter", traces the impact of Spanish colonialism on Philippine architecture and urbanism, from the establishment of Manila as the capital city to the emergence of regional styles and typologies. It also discusses the role of religion, education, and public works in shaping the colonial built environment.


The third part, titled "The American Interlude", analyzes the effects of American occupation and neo-colonialism on Philippine architecture and urbanism, from the introduction of new technologies and materials to the promotion of modernism and suburbanization. It also explores the issues of identity, nationalism, and resistance in Philippine architecture during this period. The fourth part, titled "The Postcolonial Predicament", examines the challenges and opportunities faced by Philippine architecture and urbanism after independence, from the rise of authoritarianism and martial law to the emergence of democracy and globalization. It also evaluates the contributions and criticisms of various architects and movements in Philippine architecture during this period.

The fifth part, titled "The Contemporary Condition", assesses the current state and future prospects of Philippine architecture and urbanism, from the problems of urbanization and environmental degradation to the potentials of sustainability and cultural diversity. It also highlights the achievements and innovations of contemporary Filipino architects and urban planners. The sixth part, titled "The Global Context", situates Philippine architecture and urbanism within the broader framework of world architecture and urbanism, from the influences of regionalism and postmodernism to the challenges of postcolonialism and globalization. It also compares and contrasts Philippine architecture with other Asian and Western architectures.

The book is a valuable resource for anyone interested in learning more about Philippine architecture and urbanism. It is not only a historical survey, but also a critical analysis and a cultural commentary. It is written in an engaging and accessible style that appeals to both academic and general readers. It is also well-researched and well-documented, with extensive references and indexes. The book is available in both print and digital formats. The PDF version can be downloaded from [this link].


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